Top 10 Global Rice Import Country - Importance of Rice Export from India

Top 10 Global Rice Import Country - Importance of Rice Export from India

#International #Import #Export #AgriculturalProducts #Rice

India is one of the world's largest producers of white rice and brown rice, accounting for 20% of all world rice production. India is popular for its rice cultivation all over the world. As per the statistical analysis, rice production in India covers around 46% of the total food crop production. Rice is India's pre-eminent crop and is the staple food of the people of the eastern and southern parts of the country.

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Top 10 Largest Rice Importers In The World from India:

Rank

Country

Rice Imported (1,000 metric tons)

1

China

4,700

2

Nigeria

3,000

3

Philippines

1,800

4

Iran

1,600

5

Indonesia

1,600

6

Saudi Arabia

1,550

7

European Union

1,500

8

Iraq

1,200

9

Senegal

1,100

10

Malaysia

1,000

 

Rice is one of the chief grains of India. Moreover, this country has the largest area under rice cultivation, as it is one of the principal food crops. In fact, it is the dominant crop of the country. India is one of the leading producers of this crop. Rice is the basic food crop and being a tropical plant, it flourishes comfortably in hot and humid climate. Rice is mainly grown in rain-fed areas that receive heavy annual rainfall. That is why it is fundamentally a Kharif crop in India.

Rice has been a major element in the exports from India all these years. In the year 1999, around 25% of the total agricultural exports in India were rice. Countries like China, Myanmar, Vietnam, Japan etc. also are some of the rice production giants.

India primarily focuses the Middle East and African countries for exporting its non-basmati rice. The major markets for the basmati rice from India are European countries and USA. Some other major countries who import rice from India are Singapore, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Australia etc.

India could achieve a record rice production of 100 million tons in 2010-2011 crop year on the back of better monsoon this year. The India's rice production reached a record high of 104.32 million tons in 2011-2012 crop year (July–June). It demands temperature of around 25 degree Celsius and above and rainfall of more than 100 cm. Rice is also grown through irrigation in those areas that receive comparatively less rainfall. Rice is the staple food of eastern and southern parts of India. In 2009-10, total rice production in India amounted to 89.13 million tons, which was much less than a production of the previous year, 99.18 million tons.

Rice can be cultivated by different methods based on the type of region. But in India, the traditional methods are still in use for harvesting rice. The fields are initially plowed and then fertilizer is applied which typically consists of cow dung and then the field is smoothed. The seeds are transplanted by hand and then through proper irrigation, the seeds are cultivated. Rice grows on a variety of soils like silts, loams, and gravels. It can also tolerate alkaline as well as acid soils. However, clayey loam is well suited to the raising of this crop. Actually, the clayey soil can be easily converted into mud in which rice seedlings can be transplanted easily. Proper care has to be taken as this crop thrives if the soil remains wet and is under water during its growing years. Rice fields should be level and should have low mud walls for retaining water. In the plain areas, excess rainwater is allowed to inundate the rice fields and flow slowly. Rice raised in the well-watered lowland areas is known as lowland or wet rice. In the hilly areas, slopes are cut into terraces for the cultivation of rice. Thus, the rice grown in the hilly areas is known as dry or upland rice. Interestingly, per hectare yield of upland rice is comparatively less than that of the wet rice.

Nutrition and health:

Nutrient content of major staple foods per 100 g portion.

Nutrient component:

Rice(white)

Rice(brown)

Water (g)

12

10

Energy (kJ)

1528

1549

Protein (g)

7.1

7.9

Fat (g)

0.66

2.92

Carbohydrates (g)

80

77

Fiber (g)

1.3

3.5

Sugar (g)

0.12

0.85

Calcium (mg)

28

23

Iron (mg)

0.8

1.47

Magnesium (mg)

25

143

Phosphorus (mg)

115

333

Potassium (mg)

115

223

Sodium (mg)

5

7

Zinc (mg)

1.09

2.02

Copper (mg)

0.22

-

Manganese (mg)

1.09

3.74

Selenium (μg)

15.1

-

Vitamin C (mg)

0

0

Thiamin (B1) (mg)

0.07

0.40

Riboflavin (B2) (mg)

0.05

0.09

Niacin (B3) (mg)

1.6

5.09

Pantothenic acid (B5) (mg)

1.01

1.49

Vitamin B6 (mg)

0.16

0.51

Folate Total (B9) (μg)

8

20

Vitamin A (IU)

0

0

Vitamin E (mg)

0.11

0.59

Vitamin K1 (μg)

0.1

1.9

Beta-carotene (μg)

0

-

Lutein + zeaxanthin (μg)

0

-

Saturated fatty acids (g)

0.18

0.58

Mono unsaturated fatty acids (g)

0.21

1.05

Poly unsaturated fatty acids (g)

0.18

1.04

 

written by Top 10 Global Rice Import Country - Importance of Rice Export from India for Apps, Mobile section(s).

Date : 2017-05-12

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